Scientists first got the "liquid light" at normal temperature

Date:

2017-06-20 14:00:07

Views:

1192

Rating:

2Like 0Dislike

Share:

Scientists first got the

Physics for the first time in history got a "liquid light" at room temperature, making this unusual form of matter is more accessible than ever. It is a mixture of a superfluid, with no friction and viscosity, and some kind of condensate of Bose — of Einstein, who is often called the fifth state of matter. These properties allow light to actually wrap around in front of him around objects and corners.

Ordinary light, as a rule, demonstrates the properties of waves and sometimes of particles always moves in a straight line. That is why our eyes, for example, are not able to see around corners. However, under certain very extreme environmental conditions, the light can also behave like a liquid, acquiring the ability to wrap around objects.

Of interest to the science of Bose condensates — Einstein's idea in the first place due to its aggregate state, when the rules by which they operate, are on the verge of classical and quantum physics, when solid matter begins to acquire rather wave properties. Typically, this condensate is created at temperatures close to absolute zero, and can exist literally within a few fractions of a second.

But in the latest study, researchers were able to create a Bose condensate — Einstein at normal room temperature using the "frankensteinesque" set of matter and light.

"the Peculiarity of our work is that we demonstrated the possibility of creating a state of superfluidity at room ambient temperature, using particles of light material, called polaritons", — says lead researcher Daniele Sanvitto from the Italian CNR Institute of nanotechnology NANOTEC.

The Creation of polaritons demanded that researchers use very expensive equipment and technology nanotechnology level. The scientists placed between two mirrors ultrarefractory layer of organic molecules with a thickness of 130 nanometers and passed through his 35-femtosecond laser pulses (1 femtosecond is equal to 1 ordinary share quadrillion seconds).

"Thus, inside the organic molecules we were able to combine the properties of the photon effective mass and speed – and especially the relationship of electrons", — Stefani says Ken Cohen from Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal (Canada).

The result is "overheadcosts" with very unusual properties. Under normal conditions of temperature when the liquid will have the ability to flow on its surface under an external impact may be generated by the ripples and swirls. Overheadcosts such a response is not showing.

In the image below, you can see how the flow of polaritons, directed in the usual liquid, creates waves, while inside sverigekarta (lower image) this feature does not show it.

"In the medium of sverigekarta this turbulence is absorbed in her barriers, allowing the flow to continue its movement without any distortion", — says Ken Cohen.

Scientists say that the results of these studies not only pave the way to new studies of the peculiarities of quantum hydrodynamics, but also to the creation of devices and future technologies that will be able to use polaritons in normal conditions. We are talking about new types of superconducting materials which can be used in the production of a new generation of LEDs, solar panels and lasers.

"the fact that a similar effect is observed when the normal conditions of the environment opens up many possibilities for future work", — the researchers say.

"It's not only a new milestone in the study of such phenomena as Bose condensates — Einstein, but the way to potential development of futuristic photonic devices based on superfluid liquids in which the problem of distortion is completely absent, and instead will open the door to other new, unexpected phenomena".

The results of the work of Italian physicists was published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Physics.

Recommended

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

Mars is not the friendliest planet for humans While the Red Planet is roaming rovers, researchers are pondering the construction of shelters and materials needed by future Martian colonists. The authors of the new paper suggest that we could use one ...

New proof of string theory discovered

New proof of string theory discovered

Just a few years ago, it seemed that string theory was the new theory of everything. But today the string universe raises more questions than answers String theory is designed to combine all our knowledge of the Universe and explain it. When she appe...

What is the four-dimensional space?

What is the four-dimensional space?

Modeling camera motion in four-dimensional space. View the world in different dimensions changes the way we perceive everything around, including time and space. Think about the difference between two dimensions and three dimensions is easy, but what...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Created a protective fabric that can neutralize chemical weapons

Created a protective fabric that can neutralize chemical weapons

Chemical weapons is one of the most dangerous weapons of mass destruction. And if at the beginning of the development of chemical weapons struck the man through the respiratory tract, the modern specimens are able to penetrate eve...

Recipe of dark matter can include a supercritical fluid

Recipe of dark matter can include a supercritical fluid

through years of research, it became clear that dark matter behaves abominably. This term was introduced about 80 years ago by astronomer Fritz Zwicky who realized that in order to prevent individual galaxies to escape in a gigant...

How much in the Universe of black holes?

How much in the Universe of black holes?

for the third time In history, we directly black holes: gravitational waves, resulting from the merger. In combination with what we already know about the stellar orbits near the galactic center, x-ray and radio observations of ot...