The killer robots? Stop, even the good robots are unpredictable to the horror

Date:

2017-09-01 19:00:09

Views:

2456

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

The killer robots? Stop, even the good robots are unpredictable to the horror Source:

The Heads of more than hundred leading companies in the field of artificial intelligence is very concerned about the development of "killer robots". In an open letter to the UN these business leaders, including Elon musk of Tesla and the founders of Google DeepMind, has warned that the use of technology Autonomous weapons could be taken by terrorists and despots, or in varying degrees will get hacked.

But the real danger is much more serious – and it is not only human behaviour but also in the engine. The study of complex systems shows that they can behave much more unpredictable than it can be concluded from the sum of individual actions. On the one hand this means that human society can behave in a completely different way than you might expect, studying the behavior of individuals. On the other hand, this also applies to the technology. Even ecosystem simple artificial intelligence programs – which we call stupid, good bots can surprise us. Even the individual bots can behave horribly.

The Individual items that comprise complex systems such as economic markets or global weather, tend not to interact in a simple linear way. This makes these systems very difficult to model and understand. For example, even after years of research climate it is impossible to predict long-term behavior of weather. These systems are so sensitive to the smallest changes in how explosive they react. It is very difficult to know the exact state of such a system at a particular point. All this makes these systems internally unpredictable.

All of these principles apply to large groups of people acting in their own way, be it human society or group of bots with artificial intelligence. Recently, scientists studied one of the types of complex system in which good bots are used to automatically edit articles on Wikipedia. These different bots are designed, written and used by trusted Wikipedia editors, and their underlying software is open source and available for everyone. Individually, they have a common goal to improve the encyclopedia. However, their collective behaviour turned out to be surprisingly ineffective.

These bots with Wikipedia are well-established rules and conventions, but since the web site has no Central control system, there is no effective coordination between the people running different bots. The results showed a couple of bots, who for several years had canceled the edits to each other and no one noticed. And, of course, because these bots can not learn, they did not notice.

These bots are designed to speed up the editing process. But small differences in design between bots or people that use them, can lead to massive waste of resources in the ongoing "war for the edit", which would be solved much faster with the help of editors.

The Researchers also found that the bots behave differently in different language versions of Wikipedia. Rules, it would seem, is almost the same, the goals are identical, the technology is similar. But in the German Wikipedia bots cooperation was much more efficient and productive than, for example, in Portuguese. This can only be explained by differences between editors-people in charge of these bots in different environments.

the

Exponential confusion

Bots Wikipedia have broad autonomy and the system is working in accordance with the purposes of the individual bots. But the Wikimedia Foundation plans to use AI that will give more autonomy to these bots. And this will likely lead to even more unpredictable behavior.

A Good example of what can happen, showed bots, created to talk to people when they were forced to communicate with each other. We are no longer surprised by the answers of personal assistants like Siri. But make them communicate with each other and they quickly start to behave in unexpected ways, to argue and even insult each other.

The more the system becomes and the more Autonomous each bot becomes, the more complex and unpredictable will be the future behavior of the system. Wikipedia is an example of the work of a large number of relatively simple bots. Example of chat-bots is an example of a small number of relatively sophisticated and ingenious bots – in both cases, there are unforeseen conflicts. The complexity and hence unpredictability grow exponentially as you add to the system of individuality. So when in the future there will be systems with a large number of very complex robots, the unpredictability of them will go beyond our imagination.

the

Blazing madness

Self-driving cars, for example, promise to make a breakthrough in efficiency and road safety. But we still don't know what happens when we have more wild the system is fully Autonomous cars. They may behave differently even within a small fleet of individual vehicles in a controlled environment. And even more unpredictable behavior can occur when self-driving cars, "trained" by different people in different places will begin to interact with each other.

People can adapt to new rules and agreements relatively quickly, but difficult to switch between systems. Artificial agents can be even harder. For example, if the "trained in Germany" car, for instance, go to Italy, we don't know how he will learn unwritten cultural agreement, which is followed by many other "trained in Italy" cars. Something mundane like crossing the intersection can be mortally risky, because we just don't know whether the machines to interact properly, or begin to behave unpredictably.

Now think of the killer robots that are bothering the Mask and his colleagues. One killing machine can be very dangerous in the wrong hands. And the system unpredictable killer robots? Think for yourself.

...

Recommended

The moral code of the robot: whether it is possible?

The moral code of the robot: whether it is possible?

anxious and when not everything works as it should, but something altogether radically changing, often remain only personal moral code, which, like a compass pointing the way. But what gives rise to moral values for a person? Society, loved ones warm...

How to construct the most sophisticated robot on Earth?

How to construct the most sophisticated robot on Earth?

now When it comes to robots, it seems no one imagines footage from "Terminator". learned to use robots for the good of society, and now under that definition, hiding not only humanoid machines, but also those who are simply able to automate one proce...

The process of robotics worldwide is already running

The process of robotics worldwide is already running

recently Elon Musk revealed the secret of Millennium of the camera above the rear view mirror of the car Tesla Model 3. Although the main purpose of any camera is to shoot what is happening around, found out some details. So, the camera will follow t...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

At MIT taught a robot the rules of movement in public areas

At MIT taught a robot the rules of movement in public areas

the Algorithms by which robots calculate the trajectory of its movement from point "A" to point "B", there are enough long. This is not surprising. However, the movement of the robot in a place with heavy pedestrian traffic – a ta...

Intel X will provide a Myriad of drones and robots best vision

Intel X will provide a Myriad of drones and robots best vision

In September last year, Intel acquired the Californian company Movidius, which since 2005 has worked to develop specialized processors for deep machine learning and computer vision. At that time, engineers have developed Myriad 2 ...

#video | the Everyday life of the Guinness book of records: 1000 at the same time the dancing robot

#video | the Everyday life of the Guinness book of records: 1000 at the same time the dancing robot

Getting robots in the Guinness book of records has long ceased to be something extraordinary. For example, not so long ago in China 1069 identical robots synchronously executed incendiary dance. For statement of record was used ...

Elon Musk called for a ban on fighting robots

Elon Musk called for a ban on fighting robots

Military robots has not even really started to produce, but the representatives of many companies have written an open letter calling to ban killer robots. The appeal is signed by Elon Musk, head of the laboratory of DeepMind and ...

#video | Robot-wheel, which moves, compressing itself

#video | Robot-wheel, which moves, compressing itself

the Rapid development of robotics in recent years has given the opportunity to receive a huge number of robots at times with a very interesting design. Already exist self-assembling robots and robots with a soft body. But the engi...

The six most modern androids, hinting at our synthetic future

The six most modern androids, hinting at our synthetic future

Humanoid robots are eerily close to our reality. Correctly assembled, using the correct materials and proper algorithms of motion, they become almost indistinguishable from their organic copies. Almost. The latest of them is alrea...

China won in the competition of small Autonomous combat robots

China won in the competition of small Autonomous combat robots

Organized by DJI competition among robots RoboMasters is already not the first year. This year the competition was attended by 200 teams of which get to the finals only 32. And only one from the South China University of technolog...

MegaBots presented fully ready to fight a combat robot

MegaBots presented fully ready to fight a combat robot

We have already told you that the American team MegaBots Inc. and the Japanese Suidobashi Heavy Industries are planning a huge battle robots of its own production. If the Japanese are still developing their robot in the strictest ...

Experts propose to equip robots

Experts propose to equip robots "ethical black boxes"

the Scientist Alan Winfield, Professor of robotice of the University of the West of England in Bristol, and Mariana Jirotka, Professor of human-centered programming, University of Oxford, believe that robots should be equipped wit...

Designed able to grow flexible robots

Designed able to grow flexible robots

Plants are able not only to grow, but also know how to overcome very difficult obstacles. Not only trees, but also the usual flowers or grass often make their way even through the concrete, sprouting and weaving through the cracks...

Graphene robot-spider, for whom the movement does not need electricity

Graphene robot-spider, for whom the movement does not need electricity

Any robots in need of energy source for its operation. It would seem that this statement — almost an axiom. But in fact, scientists sometimes create such mechanisms, in which insight is not so easy. For example, recently dem...

In Washington, the robot-guard

In Washington, the robot-guard "suicide", falling into the fountain

In recent years robots are increasingly "intercede" for service in various agencies. In the US, for example, robot guards are often used to patrol shopping centers. One of the most popular models for this called Knightscope recent...

Robot traceur Salto learned to maneuver in the air

Robot traceur Salto learned to maneuver in the air

In December 2016, about a robot-traceur Salto, which is able to move, Bouncing on an impressive for its height. And now, after months after the release, experts from the Biomimetic Millisystems Lab at the University of California ...

In Tambov started to work the robot-scavenger

In Tambov started to work the robot-scavenger

it is Possible with high probability to say that in the future robots will replace man in many positions. For example, Assembly lines of different factories are almost completely automated, in the following year . But in Tambov, t...

Next year some Americans will make robots

Next year some Americans will make robots

the Flipping grilling burgers and making burgers from a few ingredients — a rather dull and joyless activity. Not surprisingly, those who at least defended year at the plate as the chef responsible for this kind of dishes, w...

Valkyrie: a bipedal robot for the colonization of Mars

Valkyrie: a bipedal robot for the colonization of Mars

Competition from the American Agency DARPA called the DARPA Robotics Challenge was held for the first year, and development, presented in the framework of this event, are often used in various fields of science. For example, shown...

#video | Resident of Poland has built a self-driving robot of potatoes

#video | Resident of Poland has built a self-driving robot of potatoes

From school physics course we all know that some fruits and vegetables (e.g., potatoes or citrus) with the help of simple manipulations with electrodes can be turned into real food sources. But since fruits and vegetables are the ...

A robot gardener will save people from the tedious of weeding

A robot gardener will save people from the tedious of weeding

Roboredo we have — she knows how to plant, water and care for plants, pulling weeds and thus maintaining a garden or vegetable garden in order. But this invention are quite costly. At a price of several thousand dollars it w...

Giant robot worm will help with the laying of pipes and cables

Giant robot worm will help with the laying of pipes and cables

Engineers at the Complutense University of Madrid the concept of a robot that can dig tunnels for laying gas and water pipes and various cables. Every time to dig trenches for the pipe and wire — a rather tedious and long, s...

Robot helicopter from Airbus made its first solo flight

Robot helicopter from Airbus made its first solo flight

With high probability we can say that the unmanned vehicles of the future. And if the car is already quite successfully ply the roads here, passenger aircraft are only at the beginning of his career. And one of the first who manag...