Scientists from NASA want to restore the magnetic field of Mars and make the planet habitable

Date:

2017-03-06 18:00:08

Views:

2709

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Scientists from NASA want to restore the magnetic field of Mars and make the planet habitable Source:

Scientists from space Agency NASA proposed an ambitious but at the same time very bold plan, according to which Mars can be returned to its atmosphere and make the Red planet habitable for future generations of colonists from Earth. According to experts, creating a huge magnetic shield around Mars will help to protect it from exposure to solar winds and restore the planet's atmosphere. Terraforming its surface, in turn, will allow you to return to the water planet.

Maybe Mars now looks as cold and lifeless desert, but once the Red planet has a dense atmosphere which could support the presence on the surface of deep ocean waters. Moreover, Mars was once much warmer and, quite possibly, had a habitable climate.

Scientists believe that Mars lost almost all its atmosphere when its protective magnetic field disappeared billions of years ago. As a result, the solar wind – highly charged particles emitted by the Sun, literally began to tear the atmosphere of the red planet to pieces and continue to do so to this day.

A New NASA computer model suggests that there is a way to return to Mars a dense atmosphere. And this does not need to use nuclear bombing, as it was once proposed to make Elon Musk. Instead, the space Agency believes that addressing the issue could be the creation of artificial and sufficient powerful magnetic shield that will replace the lost Mars own magnetosphere, providing a chance to naturally restore its environment.

Presented at the last last week the event Planetary Science Vision 2050 Workshop presentation, the head of the Department of planetary research NASA Jim green said that the creation of "artificial magnetosphere" between Mars and the Sun can theoretically escape the Red planet, forming a protective field around her.

"It will allow to exclude the impact of a variety created by the solar wind erosive processes occurring in the ionosphere of the planet and the upper layer of the atmosphere, allowing it to accumulate power and eventually to reduce its temperature" — scientists explain.

Scientists understand that at first glance the idea may seem fantastic, but as an example, lead experiments to create a compact magnetosphere to protect astronauts and spacecraft from the effects of cosmic radiation. The researchers believe that similar technology but on a larger scale, can be used for magnetic shielding of Mars.

"Indeed there is a possibility that we can make the planet's magnetic field more reliable and to provide the necessary protection. However, you need to figure out a way to change the direction of the magnetic field, so that it was pointing in the direction of the solar wind," — said green at the presentation.

The Computer model showed that in the presence of magnetic shield loss of the Martian atmosphere will stop. To restore the level of the atmosphere and of atmospheric pressure, equal to half of the earth's indicators, can be had within just a few years. According to scientists, when the planet's atmosphere becomes denser, the surface temperature of Mars average will rise by about 4 degrees Celsius, which would be sufficient in order to are on the Northern advantage of the red planet's ice cap of frozen carbon dioxide has completely melted. When this happens, the carbon in the atmosphere can capture heat as it happens on the Ground, running processes greenhouse effects which will lead to melting of the Martian water-ice and return to the planet of liquid water in the form of rivers, lakes and even oceans.

If all goes as the researchers describe, in a few generations Mars will be able to regain their lost view of a potentially habitable planet.

"It's not exactly terraforming in the usual sense of the term, where the climate would be completely restored by artificial methods. This option would let nature alone to recover your balance, and it will happen according to the laws of natural physics as we know them", — says Greene.

A Team of researchers understands that their plan is now no more than hypothetical in nature, but the idea, in their opinion, it really seems interesting and feasible in the relatively near future. Scientists report that they are going to continue the study to obtain more accurate calculations about how long can be the process of natural recovery of the ecosystem of the red planet. If a concept proves its worth, it is still unknown how he will be able to change our perspective about the colonization of Mars in the future.

"the Return of the dense atmosphere on Mars will allow the planting and use on the planet more than major scientific and technical equipment, will provide significantly increased protection from cosmic and solar radiation will raise the possibility of production of oxygen on the planet and ensure its greenhouse effects, necessary for plant growth. And this is only some of the potential opportunities", — scientists explain.

"If this can be achieved, not postponing, the colonization of Mars will become a not so distant future."

Recommended

The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

the Upcoming cosmonautics day is my favorite holiday. It marks the triumph of the human mind: in just four thousand years Homo Sapiens went from hunter-gatherers to space explorers. 12 April 1961 Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in ...

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

you Know what surprised me the most? The fact that we perceive the surrounding world as it is. Animals, plants, the laws of physics and the cosmos are perceived by many people as something so mundane and boring that they invent fairies, ghosts, monst...

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

In the cosmic ocean drifts a lot of mysteries about the existence of which we are unaware. One of these was uncovered five years ago, when astronomers have discovered a lonely star at a distance of 570 light years from Earth, the brightness of which ...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

10 reasons to rejoice in the discovery of planets in the system TRAPPIST-1

10 reasons to rejoice in the discovery of planets in the system TRAPPIST-1

last week, the world literally applauded: near star TRAPPIST-1 with a bunch of extra nice features. It would seem that seven solid planets, no word yet about life, aliens, or other surprises, and noise was all over the world. What...

Mars could be three satellites?

Mars could be three satellites?

Two moons, two moons of Mars — Phobos and Deimos are small, irregular, but are spinning in the same Equatorial plane as the Red planet. For a long time they were considered captured asteroids, but their orbits greatly reduce the c...

Jeff Bezos wants Amazon to open on the moon?

Jeff Bezos wants Amazon to open on the moon?

In September 2016, the Executive Director of the company SpaceX Elon Musk has announced his ambitious plans for the conquest and colonization of Mars. Earlier this week, he once again surprised the public with news that SpaceX is ...

NASA spacecraft almost collided with one of the moons of Mars

NASA spacecraft almost collided with one of the moons of Mars

All of us from time to time "fills", but when you're a huge piece of metal traveling through space, the effects of "drift" can be somewhat more pitiable than usual. This week in space NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN ...

Chinese carrier rocket of new generation

Chinese carrier rocket of new generation "Changzheng-7 Y2" tested

In Hainan province located in southern China, conducted a technical inspection of the «Changzheng-7 Y2», of the carrier rocket of new generation. With it in April of 2017 plan to bring into space cargo ship «Tanjo-1...

Even money won't save lunar tourists SpaceX, if something goes wrong

Even money won't save lunar tourists SpaceX, if something goes wrong

on Monday, the founder of the private aerospace company SpaceX Elon Musk announced plans for the first ever commercial space mission, sending two civilians to the moon on Board of the spacecraft "Dragon 2". Apparently, suggesting ...

What you need to know about the plan Elon musk to send humans to the moon

What you need to know about the plan Elon musk to send humans to the moon

February 27, Elon Musk, on behalf of his company SpaceX to send two "ordinary citizens" in the loop around the moon. Here we have collected all the information about this future event, which became known at the moment. Who? While...

NASA still wants to get solar energy directly from space

NASA still wants to get solar energy directly from space

last year, the experts concluded that world energy consumption will increase by almost 50% from 2012 to 2040. For several years, scientists from NASA and the Pentagon's dream to produce energy from the sun, bypassing all the drawb...

SpaceX will send humans to the moon in 2018

SpaceX will send humans to the moon in 2018

SpaceX is planning to send two people on a trip around the moon next year. Late yesterday the company's CEO Elon Musk spoke about the mission, which will involve two long-awaited technology company: the crew capsule and Crew Drago...

Engineer patented

Engineer patented "hyperloop" for space launch vehicles

Its new development, called «SpaceTram», the engineer, James Powell has developed recently and introduced it to the public recently. The principle is simple: on the Earth's surface is built a large vacuum tube pointing u...

6 the largest of the meteorites found on Earth

6 the largest of the meteorites found on Earth

Falling to the Earth space objects of a natural origin most often burn up in the atmosphere. For this we must thank our dense atmosphere. But she sometimes there are interruptions in the work. Especially when we are talking about ...

Complex light metal mystery: where in space is so much lithium?

Complex light metal mystery: where in space is so much lithium?

nowadays the Li are everywhere. Back in the mid-19th century, this soft, silver-white metal was the cure. Doctors treated his psychiatric disorder like mania. Even today, this metal is used as medication for bipolar disorder. But ...

How flat may be the planet?

How flat may be the planet?

We know that the Earth is not flat, for hundreds of years. There are many ways to demonstrate this, starting with the masts of ships disappearing over the horizon, the ability to see farther, climbing higher, and ending with the l...

The consequences of the fall of large asteroids on the Earth will be even more serious than previously thought

The consequences of the fall of large asteroids on the Earth will be even more serious than previously thought

a New study suggests that the greatest danger in case of falling of an asteroid to Earth will be to present not the fact of his collision with the surface. The greatest danger for all of us to imagine the shockwaves that the aster...

Roll the lip

Roll the lip "habitable super-earths" does not exist

for a Long time we thought our Solar system was the standard for the planets which we can find in the Universe. The inner, solid worlds, prevailing in the hottest part of the Solar system with big gaseous planets are rotating much...

Computer models show that the dust from the moons of Mars begins to form his ring

Computer models show that the dust from the moons of Mars begins to form his ring

In our Solar system there are four planets with rings. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. In the future this list may be added another planet. It may one day become Mars. One of its moons, Phobos, will collapse sooner or later, ...

Why can't astronauts drink in space?

Why can't astronauts drink in space?

Wine on the moon... Whisky on the space station... Reading as a child is not most children's books about space pirates, Rangers and other daredevils, I didn't think that drinking in space is not allowed. And really, space travel i...

"A storehouse of planets": the results of the emergency press conference NASA

NASA is not often assemble an "emergency" conference to tell the world about the really important things. Tonight was presented one of those "really important things". Why this is important, as it was a little of everything — see ...

Discovered just 7 potentially habitable earth-like planets within a single system

Discovered just 7 potentially habitable earth-like planets within a single system

Less than a year ago, astronomers announced a surprising discovery. They found three earth-like planets orbiting small, dim red dwarf. However, as it turned out, the first discovery scientists have "missed" a few available in this...

The first flight of the new spacecraft by NASA could be manned and around the moon

The first flight of the new spacecraft by NASA could be manned and around the moon

the space Agency NASA is considering a manned flight around the moon in the first joint launch of new carrier rocket Space Launch System (SLS) and the spacecraft «Orion» on-Board is planned for late 2018. It should be no...