Galaxy without dark matter really exist?

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2020-05-02 19:40:11

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Galaxy without dark matter really exist?

Most of the matter in the Universe is hidden from our eyes and instruments. Moreover, the existence of mysterious dark matter and mysterious dark energy to date, has not been proven. Shortly after the Big Bang, about 14 billion years ago, the early universe expanded at an incredible rate. According to the General theory of relativity of albert Einstein, over time the rate of expansion of the Universe would have to slow down, but the reality is exactly the opposite – the rate of expansion of the Universe only increases. To explain why this happens, physicists introduced the concept of dark energy is the force responsible for the accelerating expansion of the Universe. But, in that case, constitutes the dark matter? And if it really exists, can in the vast space of the ocean to exist in the galaxy without her? At the end of 2019 to scientists the existence of at least one of these galaxies. But what does this mean?

In astrophysics, the concept of dark matter is introduced to resolve some inconsistencies between observations and theory. The first indication of the existence of dark matter was the data about how fast moving galaxies in galactic clusters. It turned out, they move much faster than one would expect based on the mass of only the visible matter. But if we assume that in addition to the stars, associated gas and other known forms of matter in clusters is also present a certain amount of unknown matter, the gravitational effects of dark matter can be sufficient in order to match the observations.

Galaxies and dark matter

Astronomers almost managed to confirm the existence of the galaxy with no dark matter. Discovery scientists, among other things, raises fundamental questions about how such strange galaxies in General formed. During the study published , the researchers used Hubble space telescope to obtain new images of the Ghost galaxy NGC 1052-DF4 (DF4 or for short). After receiving fresh data, the researchers found the brightest red giants in this galaxy (). Since all of the TRGB stars Shine with the same brightness when viewed in the infrared range, the only thing that should affect how bright they seem — is the distance to our planet. According to the results of the study, it is 61 million light-years.

Let me Remind you, in the past, astronomers have confirmed nearly complete lack of dark matter in the galaxy (DF2 for short). It is believed that dark matter, which scientists are not yet able to fix using existing tools, is about 27% of the entire mass of the Universe, but its properties are still not known. The fact is that dark matter does not participate in the electromagnetic interaction, and therefore inaccessible to direct observation. the Electromagnetic interaction exists between particles with electric charge.

the Dark matter is not available to direct observation.

The Existence of galaxies DF4 and DF2 indicates an alternative way for the formation of galaxies. Moreover, the authors are convinced that both galaxy even raise the question of whether we understand what the galaxy. The current assumption is that galaxies begin their journey of life with dark matter and for this reason can gravitationally attract a huge amount of gas and dust necessary for the beginning of the star formation process. Read more about the formation of stars, planets and galaxies, read . And to always be aware of the latest scientific discoveries of astronomy, subscribe to

Not surprisingly, if you remove from the equation dark matter, the astronomers altogether cease to understand, as there will be star formation in galaxies. All they can say is that at the beginning of the formation of these peculiar galaxies must have been very dense gas, because otherwise the galaxies could not be born new stars. the Galaxy live exactly as long as they give birth to new stars.

Who knows, maybe this time the scientists got it wrong

But enough of the results obtained in order to prove once and for all that the DF4 and DF2 galaxy without dark matter? The authors hope it will. But at the same time recognize that «extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence». Another cause some to be skeptical of such a loud statement is the recent story of the astronomers who proved the existence of the impossible black hole. However, after the study was published in a scientific journal, it was later withdrawn because the calculation was not correct. And this is absolutely normal in the world of fascinating scientific research.

What do you think about this – whether there are galaxies without dark matter or it's time to review ourthe understanding of the Universe? Share your opinion in the comments and with the participants . We never get bored, join us!

it is possible that our understanding of the Universe need to reconsider.

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