Why we forget dreams immediately after waking up?

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2019-12-27 02:40:07

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Why we forget dreams immediately after waking up?

How long do you think dreams are able to remember people?

Each morning we do not always remember dreams. Either memorize their part. But what is the reason for such selective ? According to researchers from Nagoya University (Japan) we forget our dreams barely opened his eyes due to certain neurons that play a role in removing various diseases. Moreover, the activity of these neurons observed during REM sleep (REM-phase), characterized by increased brain activity. One sign of which is the rapid movement of the eyeballs and vivid dreams.

Of mice and men

In the course of work on the study, published in the journal , the research team from Nagoya University, together with colleagues from described the processes occurring during the REM phase of sleep. It is known that the change of sleep phases depend on different neuronal and hormonal mechanisms, but because the scientists knew what to look for. Thus, in mice during REM sleep remained active more than half of the neurons that synthesize sleepy melanin-concentrating hormone sit in the hypothalamus region of the brain that controls sleep and hunger. But during wakefulness, active was only 35%. This means that the neurons of the MSN is important for REM sleep. According to scientists, this discovery is likely to be a breakthrough in determining why people tend to forget dreams.

what memories persist or disappear during sleep, but exactly how this occurs has long remained a mystery. By studying laboratory mice, scientists discovered that activating the end of axons — processes of nerve cells that connect the MCH neurons of the hypothalamus with the hippocampus (the memory center of the brain), caused inhibition of neurons in this brain region. The researchers then worked with , whose genome has been genetically modified. This allowed the specialists of “on and off” the activity of MCH neurons by means of chemical substances. The team conducted several tests, including using toys. Activation of MCH neurons during REM sleep undermined memory of animals, and the shutdown of neurons is improved.

During sleep the brain decides what information to forget and which to leave.

Further experiments showed that mice do better in tests only when the neurons are switched off during REM sleep. But when the animals were in deep sleep, no effect was observed. It is likely that MCH neurons are eliminated , causing inhibition of hippocampal neurons. Scientists believe that the human brain works similarly. Moreover, it is possible that in the future the obtained results can lead to the development of a new method of treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, by deleting traumatic memories.

A Nice addition to this work is the recent study, researchers from the University of Freiburg. The team discovered the neurons responsible for the rapid eye movements during REM phase of sleep. The study also was conducted on laboratory mice. It turned out that the discovered neurons similar to butterfly wings, which are associated with many nerve centers of the brain, and neurons of the sit. The paper was published in the journal .

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