It would look like our galaxy without dark matter?

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2020-02-11 18:00:09

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It would look like our galaxy without dark matter?

Image of the galaxy with a complete lack of dark matter in it.

Dark matter — the mysterious invisible substance that have a huge impact on the evolution of galaxies in the Universe. Despite the fact that mysterious “something” is absolutely not interact with the electromagnetic energy of the world around us might look like in a completely different way. As reported by the portal , researchers from the University of Bonn for the first time were able to simulate the formation of galaxies in the Universe without “dark” matter. In order to reproduce a similar process on the computer, the scientists had to modify all the usual laws of gravitation of Newton, and though a galaxy created with the help of computer calculations similar to those we see today between real objects and galaxies without a number of some of the differences. So what can help an unusual study for modern cosmology, still puzzled over the nature of dark matter?

How did dark matter?

When the Big Bang matter spread through the Universe, its intensity was not distributed in space uniformly. Larger clusters of matter was drawn to the smaller pieces, eventually forming the gas clusters and then galaxies. Important part of the history of the universe is the so-called , which may be responsible for the initial uneven distribution of matter. This assumption also explains some puzzling observations that scientists attribute semi-mystical substance. For example, the stars in spinning galaxies often move with such incredible speed that without the participation of a certain “star putty” they simply have thrown off their stellar “brothers”. In this case, the role of space “handler” can qualify an additional source of gravity, which can't be seen in the telescope — the mysterious dark matter.

the Dark matter part of galaxies helps them not to lose the stars while driving

Due to the fact that direct evidence of the existence still absent, researchers from the Institute for radiation and nuclear physics.Helmholtz of Bonn University have decided to create a model of the Universe without the participation of a mysterious substance gluing of the galaxy. According to their hypothesis, the attraction between two massive objects obey Newton's laws only to a certain point. For small accelerations that exist in galaxies, the total force of gravity is greatly increased, which leads to the fact that large stellar objects do not disintegrate during your rotation.

In order to test this theory, researchers used special software, allowing the modeling of the formation of stars and galaxies, starting from the primary gas clouds and ending with the processes occurring in the Universe a few hundred thousand years after the Big Bang. The researchers argue that their findings in many aspects surprisingly close to what scientists have observed with modern telescopes. In that case, perhaps dark matter not at all?

Supporters of the existence of dark matter believe that the recently published results of the study do not in all respects true. Scientists believe that in order to fully oprovergut caught on in the scientific world the theory of the existence of a professionals from the University of Bonn may need to repeat the calculations and include in the scheme the more complex the factors influencing the gravity of large celestial objects. If the results of new studies will show a similar behavior has already been discovered, the scientific world can expect a great revolution of most modern ideas about cosmology.

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