Scientists have proposed another prosaic explanation of the mysterious "star Tabby", which is already quite long for a ride to the astronomers of his strange behavior. Long mysterious darkening of stars Tabby, also known under the aliases stars Boyajian and KIC 8462852, most likely caused by dust, not a giant network of solar panels or other "megastruktur", built developed aliens, according to a new study.
Astronomers came to this conclusion, noting that the darkening was more pronounced in the ultraviolet than in infrared light. Any object more than a speck of dust would lead to a uniform darkening across all wavelengths, the researchers say.
"It virtually eliminates the theory megastruktur aliens, since they could not explain, dependent on the wavelength of the blackout," said lead author Juan Meng from the University of Arizona. "Instead, we believe that around the star moving cloud of dust with an orbital period of about 700 days."
KIC 8462852, lying 1500 light years from Earth, causes a lot of intrigue and gossip in 2015. In that year, the team led by astronomer Tabetai Boyajian (hence the nickname star) reported that KIC 8462852 has gone down dramatically several times over the past half century, once by as much as 22%.
No planet in orbit could cause such a blackout, so scientists began to think of possible alternative explanations. These include swarms of comets or fragments of comets, interstellar dust and the popular (but unlikely) hypothesis of Magazzini aliens.
The Mystery only became deeper after his initial studies Boyajian. For example, other research groups found that in addition to the random short blackouts star Tabby lost about 20% brightness from 1890 to 1989. In addition, from 2016, it was found that the brightness of the stars decreased by 3% from 2009 to 2013.
The New study, which was published last week in The Astrophysical Journal, devoted to these long-term events.
From January 2016 to December 2016 Meng and his colleagues (including Boyajian) studied the star Tabby in the infrared and ultraviolet light using telescopes "Spitzer" and "swift". They have also observed it in visible light range, using the 27-inch telescope at AstroLAB IRIS, a public Observatory near the Belgian village Zillebeke.
The Observed UV darkening implies that the circumstellar dust grains made of large enough to stay in orbit around the star Tabby, in spite of the radiated pressure, but small enough not to block the light evenly at all wavelengths, the researchers say.the
And yet a new study does not solve all of the mysteries of the KIC 8462852. For example, it does not explain short-term 20 percent dimming, which was noticed by the space telescope Kepler.
And other research — under the leadership of Joshua Simon from the Research of the Carnegie institution in Pasadena, California, showed that the star Tabby was twice striking over the past 11 years. They also noted that the star became dimmer by 1.5% from February of 2015 to date.
"Before this work we had thought that the changes in the brightness of stars occurred only in one direction — dimmable," says Simon. "But the realization that sometimes the star became brighter in addition to blackout periods, not comparable with most of the hypotheses to explain her strange behavior."
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