Compiled the most complete map of human DNA

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2017-06-13 18:00:03

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Compiled the most complete map of human DNA

In the last century, the famous scientists James Watson and Francis Crick received one of the most prestigious awards the academic community Nobel prize "For discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and their significance for information transfer in living systems". Then these structures are called DNA, and people dreamed of the fact that DNA will come the new era in medicine. But it was not so simple: after decoding, it is still necessary to analyze the nucleotide sequences with the aim of identifying their functions. And so it took a very long time.

A Very long time it was believed that a large part of the DNA molecule has no function. The first study began in 2003, and then the attention of specialists was focused only on 2% of the genome that are responsible for the production of proteins. Then, the approach was revised and the scientists began to study more deeply spiral of human DNA. About 400 experts from different countries of the globe (America, UK, Spain, Japan, etc.) worked to create unique «the Encyclopedia of DNA elements». In the course of work managed to find out that previously unknown part of the DNA responsible for a kind of «instructions for cells», who spetsializiruyutsya on protein-chemical compounds and their ability to be synthesized. At the moment specialists have studied for more than 80% of DNA and built on the basis of the data map the human genes.

The Results of such a massive work published in several scientific journals, and all work includes a 30 related publications.

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