Why do people need air and how the lungs?

Date:

2020-03-23 22:00:13

Views:

403

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Why do people need air and how the lungs?

The Breath is a very important process, during which the body receives oxygen and removes carbon dioxide. Without oxygen, people can survive no more than 5-7 minutes, so the lungs – the main respiratory organ protected by the rib cage from damage. In the lungs gas exchange occurs: oxygen from air enters the blood and carbon dioxide is released from the blood directly to the lungs. As you know, the person has two lungs, but despite the same function, they have different sizes. According to , the right lung is shorter, because it frees up space for the liver which is right underneath it. Left lung already, because the heart needs space. And in 2017 , the lungs have an additional function – they are involved in the process of hematopoiesis and may play a major role in it.

How lungs work?

According to , an adult usually does 15 to 20 breaths per minute, which is about 20 000 breaths a day. Infants usually breathe faster than adults. For example, the normal respiratory rate of a newborn is around 40 times per minute, while average respiration rate at rest for adults is 12 to 16 breaths per minute. Each lung has its own pleural SAC. That's why when one is damaged, the other can continue its work. The right lung is divided into three different divisions, called lobes. In the left lung only two lobes, which consist of cancellous tissue surrounded by a membrane called the pleura. The pleura separates the lungs from the chest wall.

When the lungs expand , and when compressed, emit carbon dioxide. In the help of the diaphragm and chest, which pumped his lungs. When a person breathes, the air passes down the throat and into the trachea. The trachea splits into smaller passages – bronchial tree whose branches grow into each lung. The branches branch out into smaller units along the length of each side of the lung, and the smallest branches are called bronchioles, each of which is equipped with an air bag – alveoli. According to the Department of anatomy in the lungs, there are about 480 million alveoli.

human Lungs vary in size, but functions the same

The walls of the alveoli are covered with a large number of capillary vessels. Oxygen passes through the alveoli, capillaries and the blood transferred to the heart and then pumped throughout the body to tissues and organs. As oxygen enters the bloodstream and carbon dioxide passes from the blood into the alveoli and is then removed from the body. This process is called gas exchange. When a person breathes shallowly, the body accumulates carbon dioxide. As scientists have found that this buildup causes a yawn.

What are lung disease?

The light has a special way of protection. It is the cilia that cover and clear the respiratory tract from dust particles, germs and any other unwanted items that can get there. However, like other organs of the human body, the lungs are exposed to a number of nasty diseases, many of which are life-threatening. Diseases can contribute to bad habits, heredity, viruses and poor nutrition. The most common lung diseases are asthma, emphysema and cancer, two of which .

Doctors consider pictures of the lungs of a patient infected with a new coronavirus

As the most common lung infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia, as a rule, they are caused by viruses, but there are lesions of fungal organisms or bacteria, according to . The new coronavirus, pandemic which rages across the planet, in severe cases, leads to the development of SARS, when the membranes of the lungs are filled with fluid. Because of this, the lungs do not receive enough oxygen .

What to do for the health of the lungs?

One of the best ways to ensure lung health is to avoid exposure to tobacco smoke, because at least 70 of the 7,000 chemicals contained in tobacco smoke damage lung cells. According among tobacco lovers, it has the highest risk of lung cancer. Moreover, recently, scientists have discovered that addiction to cigarettes increases the risk of disease CoVID-19. The more a person smokes, the higher the risk. But there is good news – as the newspaper writes , if a person quits Smoking, the lungs can recover from most of the damage.

The Medical center offers practice breathing exercises and exercise regularly to keep the lungs healthy. Today, in the midst of a pandemic of a novel coronavirus, the best thing you can do for your health is to quit Smoking and to comply withthe recommendations of the world health organization. And how not to get CoVID-19 read our .

Lungs – main organ of respiration that need to be monitored closely.

Recommended

The coronavirus has mutated into 30 new strains

The coronavirus has mutated into 30 new strains

While coronavirus Apocalypse slowly but inevitably becomes routine, the virus SARS-CoV-2 continues to evolve. And, unfortunately, he was good at it. Writes , with reference to the South China Morning Post reports that new studies show that the virus ...

In the United States recognized that the ventilator dies 88% of patients with coronavirus

In the United States recognized that the ventilator dies 88% of patients with coronavirus

When the world is raging coronavirus that causes pneumonia and kills people, the only solution is intensive care. If this is not done, the victims will be very much. Today for severe patients there is only one solution — connected to the appara...

Can a transfusion of blood plasma to cure the coronavirus?

Can a transfusion of blood plasma to cure the coronavirus?

Typically, vaccination involves the introduction into the organism of the weakened or killed microorganisms (viruses) designed to create a strong immunity to possible future infectious diseases — that is, for selection of antibodies. But what i...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

The most dangerous infectious diseases on the planet

The most dangerous infectious diseases on the planet

the History of mankind is inextricably linked to constant epidemics and diseases, periodically erasing of the world's population from the face of the Earth. And although modern medicine has learned to fight certain pathogens, the ...

Known antibiotic can cure the disease caused by the bite of ticks

Known antibiotic can cure the disease caused by the bite of ticks

Each of us at least once in a lifetime bite these small, but extremely unpleasant creatures — ticks. As carriers of bacteria of the genus Borrelia, which, despite its generous title, are able to affect the human nervous syst...

The isoprinosine: composition, efficacy and side effects

The isoprinosine: composition, efficacy and side effects

When we get sick, whether it's the common cold or flu with complications, the main question arises: how to cure? Someone begins to self-medicate via the Internet, but the smart ones, still turn to the doctor. In such cases, doctor...