People who are seriously talking about the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations, usually consider or dreamers or writers or lunatics. But as soon as people deeper exploring the universe, some official institutions such as the United Nations, I consider it reasonable to set the official rules in the event that if aliens do find. Before you ten rules of conduct that you should be aware in case the aliens decide to join with the Earth contact or the astronauts stumble upon an alien civilization. Otherwise, you can and end up in a cage.
The U.S. Congress adopted the Law of an extraterrestrial impact in 1969. This law requires that all astronauts returning from trips into space, were subjected to quarantine for a certain period of time. This is necessary in order to ensure that they bring unconsciously (or consciously) any form of life on Earth. This was done shortly before the mission "Apollo-11". NASA never worried so much about little green men, how about the germs that can cause an outbreak of disease or epidemic on Earth.
Oddly enough, this law was misinterpreted by some persons, believing that he forbids the Americans to establish contact with aliens. The law was repealed in 1977, after several successful NASA missions have shown that astronauts do not bring pollutants from space. Despite this, people continue to publish an angry rant on the Internet complaining that someone forbids them to communicate with aliens.the
In 1967 the United Nations created the Treaty on principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies. It is often called the "outer space Treaty", because the full title of the Treaty, no one remembers. Initially, it was signed by Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, but now under it there are already more than 125 countries.
Article V of the outer space Treaty States: "States parties to the Treaty shall immediately inform the other States parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in outer space [ ... ] that may pose a danger to the life or health of astronauts". Naturally, this includes the opening of aliens.
In 2011, the Director of the office of the United Nations space Matalan Othman delivered a speech in which he stated that before the Earth will come in contact with aliens, it must be a system that provides this interaction. This has led to widespread reports that Othman is "alien Ambassador" to the UN. Othman denied it.
In any case, the UN will be one of the first who will know if the astronauts are faced with something alien.the
After the observation of liquid water on the surface of Mars, the probability of the presence of life significantly increased. The outer space Treaty forbids any potential contamination by alien life forces of people and technology people. Wherever there is liquid water, formed a "special region" to which special rules apply. Other "special regions" for places with caves or volcanic activity.
That's why the Rovers NASA had not gone to photograph liquid water on Mars, despite all the excitement caused by her discovery. Rovers do not meet the standards of sterilization, which are considered safe for the search of life in areas where she might have.
People also can not go in these areas until the sterile robots will not begin to conduct research. But because several companies, including NASA, SpaceX and Mars One are promoting their plans for sending humans to Mars, the question arises: would people still obey the rules and stay away from the place in which we could bring to life the greatest discovery of our time?
Which brings us to our next law...the
According to the outer space Treaty of the UN, no one person or nation can own any part of or the entire planet, because they belong to "all mankind". And since different countries are working on issues of long-term exploration and possible colonization of Mars, the question arises, what laws would apply on Mars to expats (which then become aliens to us)?
The United Nations has a Declaration for this. In 1962, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of legal principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, which States that anyone who sends a rocket into space, will retain its jurisdiction over her and the people in it. Just as the crew of the ship in international waters, the crew on Mars will have to follow the rules of the country that launched the ship. For example, NASA astronauts still have to follow the laws of the United States.the
In 1953 an American lawyer and former Vice-President of the International Astronautical Federation, Andrew Haley published an article in which he discussed the idea of such treatment to aliens, what would like to have any man, despite the fact that they can completely from other lands. The idea is to extend the Golden rule to include aliens, became known as "metascan".
Then metascan was formulated by the Austrian lawyer Ernst Pheasant. It included three key principles:
In Other words, it is not necessary to beat the aliens in the face like will Smith in "independence Day".the
The UN with all its rules on the topic of space exploration don't forget the old saying, "you never get a second chance to make a first impression". Therefore, the Declaration of legal principles managing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, includes a section in which the astronauts referred to as "messengers of mankind in space".
It makes you wonder whether the training of astronauts some course etiquette on the subject of how to make first contact and not to harm humanity. According to retired American astronaut Clayton Anderson, currently in the training program of NASA astronauts is not part of the instruction to action by contact with aliens.the
Alien, fined tax — that it would be an interesting first impression.
Under American law, all sold by USA in outer space, is considered to be sold in the United States. So, is the subject of U.S. tax law. The law says nothing about exemption from sales unearthly life forms.
The U.S. tax rules also apply to goods traded under barter. It's kind of a ban on the division of interplanetary technology. However, NASA is tax exempt, therefore, may carry out any transactions that it wants. Unfortunately for the aliens, if they have not previously registered in the USA as a non-profit organization, they will get a nasty first lesson of what the life of an ordinary American who has to pay taxes.
It is possible that in other situations the picture is similar.the
The First person who has received widespread fame for reporting alien abduction, was the Brazilian Antonio Vilas Boas. In 1957, 23-year-old Boas claimed to have been abducted by aliens.
Seven years before that, the U.S. military has developed a plan for first contact, called "Seven steps to contact," in which one of the steps actually included the kidnapping of several aliens (if they are technologically weaker than us) to study. Yes, we could be creepy aliens stealing creatures from their own planet and return them later, so they told terrible stories of his incredulous peers.the
The Permanent Committee IAA SETI, or if short — international Academy of Astronautics in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, is an international organization that deals with exactly what its title says: hunting for aliens. They track different types of waves (radio waves, microwaves) to search for possible broadcast by aliens.
Although the people conducting SETI experiments have not always enjoyed great respect, some great names and agencies demonstrated support SETI and its methods. In 1896, Nikola Tesla suggested the use of radio waves to send messages to aliens. Since 1960, NASA has funded SETI program at the expense of own funds.
The Permanent Committee IAA SETI wrote a Declaration of principles concerning activities after the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence. It outlines basic rules of conduct, if any, performing the experiments SETI actually find signals of aliens.
If such a signal is detected and confirmed, can not be answered until the information won't be spread around the world and a universally accepted answer. Turns out to be a long time between the detection signal and the response to it. One can only hope that the aliens will be more patient than the earth.the
As we have already mentioned the outer space Treaty, the UN calls the space "the property of all mankind." The UN also imposes a responsibility on the country to the Ground and for any damage which they can bring the planets...
Can genes create the perfect diet for you?
Diet on genotype can be a way out for many, but it still has a lot of questions Don't know what to do to lose weight? DNA tests promise to help you with this. They will be able to develop the most individual diet, because for this they will use the m...
How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?
If aliens exist, why don't we "hear" them? In the 12th episode of Cosmos, which aired on December 14, 1980, co-author and host Carl Sagan introduced viewers to the same equation of astronomer Frank Drake. Using it, he calculated the potential number ...
Why does the most poisonous plant in the world cause severe pain?
The pain caused to humans by the Gimpi-gympie plant can drive him crazy Many people consider Australia a very dangerous place full of poisonous creatures. And this is a perfectly correct idea, because this continent literally wants to kill everyone w...
Company OceanGate will create a full 3D scan of the wreck of the "Titanic"
the Company OceanGate Seattle unveiled their plans for a submarine expedition to the place where the relics of the legendary transatlantic steamship "Titanic." Since 1912, it went down less than 200 people, and the last expedition...
A new hypothesis explains how might have the first supermassive black holes
Few would argue with the opinion that supermassive black holes are among the deadliest of astronomical objects in the Universe. The incredible level of their gravity does not allow anything, even light, to escape absorption as soo...
Astronomers have found a lonely little planet object of unknown nature
Art little planet view of the object CFBDSIR 2149-0403 that baffled astronomers In 2012, astronomers discovered in the neighborhood with the system is quite strange insulated space object. According to preliminary calculations it ...
The company Bigelow Aerospace will launch a space module offline by 2020
Head of Bigelow Aerospace in a recent interview with portal space.com shared their plans for the future of the company and spoke about the role of space stations in orbit of the moon, noting their key role in the development of th...
A group of scientists managed to grow monkeys immune to HIV
the human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is considered «the plague of the XXI century». Despite significant advances in many areas of medicine and improving the quality of life in the fight against this insidious virus hum...
NASA is experiencing in the Chilean desert instruments to search for life on Mars
In 2020 the assigned sending another space Agency NASA to the red planet. Once again, scientists will try to discover on Mars is at least one sign of life that once existed on this planet. Rover called should work like a clock, so...
Why is the song "stick" in the head?
Agree, probably each of us there were occasions when once heard somewhere that the song is literally "etched" into the brain and you couldn't get rid of it. Humming and whistling tune, but he just like to repeat, spinning in my he...
System TRAPPIST-1 may be dead in all senses
When the emotion in the science prevail, nothing good from it should not wait. According to a recent opinion of astronomers, at least two (and maybe all) of the seven planets within the system TRAPPIST-1, could have a long time to...
IBM has proven the ability to store information in one atom
Basic components of computers become so small, they gradually faced with the pressure boundaries of the familiar world of Newtonian physics. And nowhere is the precision and scale of operations is not shown better than on the hard...
Artificial intelligence from Baidu themselves have learned to speak
the Chinese company Baidu, which owns the eponymous search engine, has been developing its own artificial intelligence. Research began in 2013, and now AI from Baidu shows very good results. For example, he recently learned to spe...
Strange radio pulses from another galaxy: maybe aliens?
Since their discovery, about 10 years ago, fast discrete radio pulses do not cease to amaze scholars. These intergalactic bursts of radio emission have , however, according to the new hypothesis, they can be technological in natur...
The U.S. military has created a stretchy material for armor, which can be patched with iron
Scientists from the naval laboratory in the US have created a new material for armor, which is different from all the other easily and ballistic characteristics. The thermoplastic polymer hardens the force of the blows, but after ...
Want to know why after rain smell so nice?
Many people like the smell after rain. It gives not only a sense of freshness, but also — as if to say peace in the world. And did you know that the smell can kill you? All right, the rain as air rises (in most cases harmles...
Artificial intelligence and genetics of living beings are trained very similar
Networks of genes in animals are somewhat similar to networks of neurons in our brains — they, too, can "learn" on the go. In 1996, a young graduate student named Richard Watson decided to read the article about evolution. She was...
NASA approved the plans for the coming years and got a budget increase
Yesterday, the U.S. government approved the bill providing the space Agency NASA a budget of $ 19,508 billion $ 208 million dollars more than the budget for the year 2016. In addition, the government stressed those projects that t...
China is considering launching space vehicles with aircraft
China news Agency China Daily that China is studying the feasibility of air launch for small spacecraft. Using aircraft is planned to launch rockets, which, in turn, will orbit Earth satellites. the idea is not new — in th...
In China are developing a reusable spacecraft for missions to the moon
the Chief designer of the Bureau of manned spacecraft Zhang Bainan said «Cazzi daily» that his team currently is developing a four-seater vehicle capable of delivering a crew to the moon. The engineer stressed that it is...
Scientists have a new explanation for how on Earth could develop life
the History of evolution has repeatedly witnessed the eternal debate about what was first – the egg or the chicken — however one of the most interesting mysteries is: was there life before the advent of nucleic acids? In the...
Substituted graphene — semiconductor with a thickness of one atom
Semiconductors with a thickness of just one atom — no longer science fiction but reality, although not embodied in certain devices. A physicist from the Bayreuth University (Germany) Dr. Axel Enders (Enders, Axel) in collabo...
China will begin to prepare for space flight engineers and scientists
the Selection of new astronauts in China is already planning to start this year — this publication reports the «people's daily». In the cosmonaut training center of China the newspaper explained that in a few years...
This article has no comment, be the first!