What is common between us trainer for landing on the moon and Soviet Turboatom 1955


2019-07-23 17:40:12




1Like 0Dislike


What is common between us trainer for landing on the moon and Soviet Turboatom 1955

The Possibility of landing a man on the moon July 20, 1969 was the result of colossal work a huge number of people and the attachment is fabulous for the days of the 60-ies of the last century money. Ambitious mission required an ambitious approach. We had to develop and test , which previously could be read only in science fiction. Often testing of these technologies was accompanied by a risk of life.

Who was the first on the moon?

The First person to set foot on the moon was American astronaut Neil Armstrong. With his "great leap for mankind," he achieved what was considered impossible. However, few people know that the year before this great event the astronaut could die.

For the training of crews of the Apollo program to the moon landing the American space Agency NASA used a special aerial vehicles with the technology of vertical take-off and landing.

See also:

Five of these satellites (two test and three for training ) was developed by Bell Aircraft Corporation and was used by NASA as a flying simulator of the lunar module.

The Peculiarity of these cars was the fact that their engines are tuned in such a way that it is possible to simulate the flight and landing in conditions of near-moon space, where gravity is 6 times lower than on Earth. With conventional helicopters that could be done. Multi-ton machine was very dangerous to Bank at low altitude. A simulation of a moon landing were made on a small height of about 60-90 meters above the ground. The apparatus used was badly tilted in flight and observe the responsiveness of the system.

The Design of these machines consisted of aluminum frames are triangular in shape with its four landing gear. The cockpit was located between the two front legs directly under the main jet engine that develops thrust at level 5/6 of the weight of the device. This allowed us to simulate flight in lunar gravity. But it looked like flying on a powder keg.

a Schema flying simulator of the lunar module

The Unit also had two spare engine for vertical stabilization, which was supposed to run in case the main one fails. Managing roll, pitch, and yaw is performed by means of 16 small hydrogen peroxide-hydrogen engines related to the cockpit through the electronic flight control system. To create the necessary pressure in the fuel system based on peroxide of hydrogen two main and 16 Vernier engines are used in helium under high pressure in tanks installed on the chassis of the simulator.

How Neil Armstrong almost died

May 6, 1968, i.e. the year before the moon landing, Neil Armstrong was preparing to carry his 21 training flight for such simulator. The first 20 missions before passed without hesitation. But this time, something went wrong.

After a few minutes of flight, the machine, which was operated by Armstrong lurched to one side and began to decline rapidly. The flight was at an altitude of about 61 meters above the ground, so Armstrong doesn't have time to think.

Fortunately, Neil had time to pull the ejection handle and safely descended to earth by parachute. Historians say, if he hesitated even for a second, then died.

According to witnesses, Armstrong was a man able to maintain complete composure even in the most seemingly hopeless situations. Almost immediately after the incident, which could deprive him of life, Neil just returned to his office and the rest of the day doing paperwork as if nothing had happened.

It Should be added that during the training of the pilots of space missions program "Apollo" was destroyed 3 aircraft simulator. However, this did not prevent the project managers to continue preparations for the landing.

The Last two remaining trainer (LLRV-LLTV 2 and-3) are now in museums.

a Lunar trainer LLTV-3 in the Museum Space center, Johnson (USA)

the Soviet Union also had similar development

For your appearance, not similar to any other aircraft, the American units to practice lunar landings happened the nickname "the flying bed". The Soviet Union also had a similar flying simulators using the technology of vertical take-off and landing.

See also:

Moreover, they appeared much earlier than the United States. The Soviet was designed in 1955, from the Americans they appeared only in 1963.

Officially, the Soviet apparatus was called Turbolet. However, jokingly called them "flying tables". As in the case of American spacecraft, test flights on Turbolet was very dangerous. The car did not have much resistance, so the likelihood of tipping over was very high. In the event of engine failure the device is turned into an ordinary piece of iron to fly which is, as you know, and wants down, and very quickly.

a Turbolet in 1958 at the air parade in Tushino

a Turbolet in the air force Museum Monino

Unlike American machines, which were used to prepare people for the landing on the moon, the Soviet used for development of the technology of vertical take-off and landing on the deck of an aircraft carrier.

Subscribe to our channel to be updated with the latest events fromthe world of science and technology.


The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

the Upcoming cosmonautics day is my favorite holiday. It marks the triumph of the human mind: in just four thousand years Homo Sapiens went from hunter-gatherers to space explorers. 12 April 1961 Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in ...

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

you Know what surprised me the most? The fact that we perceive the surrounding world as it is. Animals, plants, the laws of physics and the cosmos are perceived by many people as something so mundane and boring that they invent fairies, ghosts, monst...

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

In the cosmic ocean drifts a lot of mysteries about the existence of which we are unaware. One of these was uncovered five years ago, when astronomers have discovered a lonely star at a distance of 570 light years from Earth, the brightness of which ...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

India launched to the moon Rover in the mission

India launched to the moon Rover in the mission "Chandrayaan-2"

launched its most ambitious space mission. With the help of the carrier rocket GSLV MK-III weight of 640 tons the moon went interplanetary space station "Chandrayaan-2". This launch was to be held on July 15th, however due to unn...

How many times people landed on the moon?

How many times people landed on the moon?

surprised to find that many people don't know how many manned space missions to the moon and how many people got the opportunity to walk on the surface of the satellite. Interestingly, the most popular answer is – 1 flight. By the...

Toyota is developing a Rover for lunar mission

Toyota is developing a Rover for lunar mission

just a couple of days ago all of humanity reminisced about the first ever landing on the moon in the mission «-11». While space agencies around the world has again turned its gaze in the direction of the satellite of our...