#video | Astrophysics discovered galactic wind in a galaxy far away

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2019-11-11 00:40:07

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#video | Astrophysics discovered galactic wind in a galaxy far away

here is the flow of gas discovered by scientists. One of them is called Makani

Researchers have found direct evidence for the role of galactic winds in gas emissions of . The results obtained thanks to the work of the research group of the University of California, led by the astronomer of Rhodes College by David Rupke. Dr. Rupke and his colleagues discovered ionized flow, covering 261 thousand to 326 thousand square light-years from the galaxy, designated as SDSS J211824.06 + 001729.4. In the study, the astronomers analyzed the data obtained using the Keck Cosmic Web Imager, the Hubble space telescope NASA/ESA and telescopes Observatory in Chile. The wind that managed to find researchers, called Makani.

What is the galactic wind?

According to scientists, galactic winds drive the formation of galaxies and stars in the Universe. By galactic winds investigators imply flows of star gas, which move with a minimum speed of 800 km per second. Last year, scientists were able to discover the ancient winds at a distance of 12 billion light-years from our planet, which originate with the . First galactic winds, the scientists saw through the telescopes of the Observatory ALMA in Chile. To discuss what other discoveries await the astronomers with the participants .

The Obtained data allowed the researchers to distinguish single, rapid flow of gas that escaped from galaxies millions of years ago from another gas stream also left the galaxy millions of years ago, but has since slowed down considerably. Previous thread stretched over large distances from galaxies, while fast, a recent thread has time to do that, the researchers write in their work, which was published in the journal .

Volume rendering of the ionized gas wind Makani in the galaxy.

galactic wind forms the stars and galaxies

Thanks to the work of the space telescope, scientists have obtained images near galaxy SDSS J211824.06 + 001729.4, which shows that it is a huge compact galaxy, which originated in the merger of two once-separate galaxies. And thanks to the radio telescopes of the ALMA Observatory, researchers have discovered that the stream contains molecules and atoms. Overall, the data sets indicated astrophysicists that with a mixed population of old, medium and young stars, the galaxy may also contain a supermassive black hole that is obscured by dust. This means that the properties and the time-frame of a galactic wind Makani correspond to the previously developed theoretical models of galactic winds.

The Researchers note that, in terms of both size and speed of movement, both streams correspond to the establishment as a result of past outbursts, and are also consistent with the theoretical models. Form of Makani nebula hourglass is strongly reminiscent of such galactic winds in other , but the wind Makani is much more than observed in other galaxies. This means that today, astrophysicists can confirm that the winds actually move the gas from the galaxy in Ekologicheskie region around it, and also absorb more gas from the surrounding environment. After leaving the galaxy, the gas is moving at very high speeds, thousands of km per second.

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