Layered 3D printing and artificial intelligence will create accurate copies of paintings

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2018-11-30 16:30:08

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Layered 3D printing and artificial intelligence will create accurate copies of paintings

Experts from Thailand and developed a method for the accurate reproduction of the world's masterpieces of painting using 3D printing and artificial intelligence. This combination turns out to reproduce the color palette of the image, as close to the original. The method is based on printing multiple layers of different color inks, which helps to get as close as possible to the original color for each piece of the picture. Technology are going to present at SIGGRAPH Asia in 2018.

In the world practice is often used for the reproduction of masterpieces of world art. This is done not for the sake of some fraud, and to ensure that the works could meet more people. In addition, therefore, owners of works of art can protect the originals from destruction.

Usually reproduction created using high-precision scanners and printers. However, the possibilities of this technique are very limited and do not allow to convey the beauty of the original in minute detail. This is due to several drawbacks. For example, one of them is that commonly used printers are used to transfer colors of the original combination of four colors, which color accuracy is reduced. In addition, as a rule, printers create colour and not spectral color reproduction of the original, which printed the picture close to the original only in a certain reference light.

To Get a more accurate copy allows the development of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of technology — system RePaint in which artificial intelligence runs the 3D printer and allows you to transfer the original color regardless of lighting.

Create a reproduction with this method occurs in several stages. First, a high-quality scan of the original. After that, the system conducts calculation of parameters of 3D printing. The last step is to actually print a copy on a 3D printer. To obtain the most accurate color reproduction in reproduction, the engineers use a special shooting method. The substrate is placed on the original picture takes a multispectral camera. When scanning a liquid crystal filter in front of the camera changing its Desyatinnaya bandwidth ranging from 420 nanometers and ending at 720 nm. At the same time the camera takes monochrome pictures, then combines them into a single image in which each pixel 31 corresponds to the spectral value.

To recreate the copy used 3D printer capable of printing a variety of translucent inks imposed on each other layer by layer. For a smooth transition between colors using the classic method of creating a grayscale image. The whole process is controlled by two neural networks, one of which predicts the spectrum of an array of layers of different materials. The network engineers are trained on the basis of the printed plate with a lot of squares in mm, consisting of different combinations of layers.

Using the first neural network trained second. It is used for the inverse problem — predicts the optimum arrangement of layers of different materials for the provided image.

Unfortunately, at the moment, the technology has a limitation. The system is able to give a reproduction the size of a postcard. However, if the technology can be scaled, then the museums will have one more opportunity to preserve the priceless originals, showing visitors the most precise copies.

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