These cute creatures are in danger, and we need to do something
In 2020, humanity is faced with a pandemic coronavirus and still is unable to cope with it, but problems arose in the animal world. Right now, seven U.S. States, from very contagious diseases killed thousands of rabbits. It is not dangerous to humans, but very quickly transferred between animals and occurs without specific symptoms. Domestic and wild rabbits a few days of eating poorly, then suddenly fall dead. That they all this time was infected, you can only learn by going after the death of blood from the nose. Population of American rabbits is at risk, because vaccines against dangerous diseases in the United States. But how terrible virus kills the animals and how to rescue the big-eared creatures?
Due to US About the disease told research , with reference to the news . In the medical literature, the disease known as viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits (VGBK). The virus that provokes the disease is already well known to scientists, because its variations have already been to almost all continents. For example, in China, cases of infection of rabbits with this disease were recorded as many as 35 years ago. And in the US an outbreak of hemorrhagic disease happened for the fourth time.
In English-speaking media the disease known as rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2)
It May seem that I'm all special causes of outbreaks was a lot, but rabbits are still perfectly alive and not extinct? It is, however, the earlier a disease is spread only among domestic rabbits, and in 2020 it has affected even the wild animals. According to Ralph Zimmerman (Ralph Zimmerman), a veterinarian from the U.S. state of new Mexico, scientists still do not know where exactly a new flash. But one thing is clear — the disease spreads very quickly. Only in new Mexico during the period from March to June, affected about 500 animals.
I know one person who contained 200 rabbits. The virus killed all of them from Friday evening to Sunday evening, said Ralph Zimmerman with journalists from
Some researchers discovered a disease called "rabbit Ebola". And all because these two diseases affect organisms in a similar way. The virus severely damages internal organs and causes internal bleeding. The disease occurs without pronounced symptoms — some individuals just stop eating and move less than usual. From the moment of infection to onset of symptoms is only about three days. The virus damages the liver and spleen of rabbits, disturbs the process of blood clotting and, ultimately, kills the animal. Most individuals after death from a nose bleed.
Mortality from haemorrhagic disease of rabbits is about 90%. However, the surviving individuals represent a strong danger to other animals because they can spread the virus for two months. The virus spreads through blood, urine, and feces, but can also be spread by insects. Even if two groups of rabbits live far away from each other, the virus can move from one place to another along with the dirt that sticks to the soles of shoes of people. And kill the virus is very difficult — he is not afraid of the cold and can withstand 50-degree heat for hours.
a Vaccine against RHDV2 exists, but in the US it is not
The Government of the U.S. States are already trying to take measures to slow the spread of the virus. For example, in Mexico if one rabbit was infected with the disease, people have to kill all the other animals in the cage. Because of this, it killed another 600 of innocent rabbits, but the method is very strange — the death of the animal does not mean the death of the virus? The virus can still be spread through dirt and insects.
A Vaccine against haemorrhagic disease of rabbits already exists, but it is not in the United States. At the moment, American veterinarians order them from Spain and France, but they reach the recipient only through the month. But it is still necessary to ask permission from the Ministry of agriculture of the USA, which is also very long. The development of the us vaccine already underway, but it is reported that it can take a year.
These diseases can cause the death of not only animals but also plants. In 2019, I talked about mushrooms-parasites, called Fusarium. They infect a huge number of bananas, which they can completely disappear from the face of the Earth. Read more about the "Panama disease" can — in the mid-twentieth century because of her the world has lost varieties of banana "Gros Michel".
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