Venus Could someday become a potential place for human colonization.
Venus — the evil twin of the Earth, are extremely reluctant to allow researchers to study its surface. However, this planet hides a huge amount of information that can help us better understand the Earth and distant exoplanets. For the purpose of conducting new research, NASA is actively developing new missions to increase the life time of automatic devices in the extreme conditions of the planet. Really, in this case, in the near future we face a new era of space discoveries.
The Latest image of Venus ' surface, obtained about 30 years ago by the spacecraft Magellan shows truly hellish landscape of the second planet from the Sun: the greater part of the surface of Venus is a plain with a large number of volcanoes, mountain ranges and giant cracks, which is surrounded on all sides by temperatures, enough to melt lead.
Scientists believe that sometime in the distant past could boast of a vast shallow ocean, which evaporated as a result of a cataclysm on a planetary scale. So what happened to the overheated climate of our neighbor and what it means for life on Earth?
Despite the fact that is not closest to the Sun planet, it has all the space records temperatures. So, the intense heat on the planet, coupled with an atmosphere that is 90 times denser than earth's, has seriously hindered the landing of a spaceship. According to an article published on the portal , of the nine Soviet probes had committed such a feat, none have lasted longer than 127 minutes.
On this Basis, “visit” are the only orbiters that can use radar and near infrared spectroscopy in order to look under the thick layers of clouds and to measure changes in the landscape over time. In this way professionals have learned to search for signs of water and volcanic activity and the forces that may have shaped the planet.
the Surface of Venus.
Exploring one of the most mysterious planets , the researchers could learn much more about extrasolar planets, but also about the past, present and possible future of our planet. The answers to these questions will not only help to deepen our understanding of why Venus is so different from each other; they can narrow down the necessary conditions that need scientists to find a planet similar to Earth in another solar system.
Anyway, the orbiters are not the only means to study Venus from above. Engineers Attila Komjathy and Siddhartha Krishnamurthy to share their plans to create a whole Armada of balloons that will be able to fly in conditions of stormy winds in the Venusian upper atmosphere of the planet where the average temperature is closest to the earth.
In order to be able to obtain the desired seismic data, the balloon will have to contend with Gale-force winds of Venus. Most suitable balloon, as defined by the group analysis of the study the second planet from the sun, should be able to control its movement at least in one direction. Team Krishnamurti and Komjati suggested a middle ground implement such an ambitious plan: balloons can float in the wind around the planet at a certain speed, periodically sending your results into orbit.
In addition, researchers are working on a special cooling module that is designed to protect the spacecraft of the future from exposure to ultra high temperatures. At the moment the technology is being tested in the test cell, which simulates the conditions of the planet.
So, step by step, with each of the test, scientists are bringing humanity to the splitting of the boundaries of the study on the most inhospitable planet in the Solar system, and, perhaps, in the coming years we will witness a new era of space discovery.
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