Love science fiction? A film by Christopher Nolan «Home» looking? Imagine for a second that some of this film is really real. The fact that scientists seem to have learned to track the dreams and interact with them in different ways. Researchers from the laboratory for the study of dreams (Dream Lab) at the Massachusetts Institute of technology (MIT) want to prove that dreams are not meaningless gibberish. They can be broken, Supplement and even change on their own. In 2017, scientists are working to create portable devices with open source, is capable of tracking your dreams. Similar to the glove device called Dormio equipped with multiple sensors that can determine which phase of sleep is his owner. When the glove is immersed in hypnagogia is an intermediate state between reality and dream, the glove plays a pre-recorded sound signal, in most cases consisting of a single word. In General, using the new device, the developers want to keep track of dreams and to penetrate into them. Don't know about you, but I think that Christopher Nolan will definitely be pleased with the invention.
On average, people spend in sleep of 15 to 30 years depending on life expectancy. It is believed that a healthy sleep should not exceed 8 hours a day, but we all have biological clocks work differently, so someone with only 6 hours, and someone is 9 or more. In General, researchers agree that women need more sleep than men. Anyway, sleep has a crucial function in organisms all mammals, including Homo Sapiens.
Today there are two main theories about the necessity of sleep: the theory of recovery and the theory of brain plasticity.
According to the first theory, sleep is necessary for all living beings to regain strength expended during wakefulness. So, during sleep the body is a variety of processes, including muscle growth, production of proteins and even cleansing the brain from waste products – learn how during sleep is the real brainwashing read our material. According to the second torii – neuroplasticity – during sleep the brain creates and reorganizatsiya neural connections, processed negative emotional experience, and the day received information is transferred to the store long-term memories. Moreover, during sleep the brain creates associative links, that is, adding new information to the already existing.
still from the film «Home»
Most Likely, both theories are correct, since otherwise people could live without sleep more than 8-11 days. Already 3-5 sleepless nights can lead to severe physical and mental disorders that can lead to death. It is believed that without sleep a perfectly healthy man can be no more than 8 days, but there are cases and longer wakefulness. As you know, nothing good with the body at this time is not happening. Moreover, lack of sleep causes , including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and depression. Read more about what will happen if you neglect sleep, I said in a previous article.
Confirms the vital function of sleep for the body circadian rhythms (built-in biological clock). In fact, it rhythms with a period of about 24 hours, which control not only sleep and wakefulness, but also food, hormone production, metabolism, etc. it is Noteworthy that there are circadian rhythms in all living organisms, even in fruit flies Drosophila. So with regular lack of sleep the emergence of various diseases is not surprising.
If to simplify the answer, sleep is a time of rest our body. But in fact – as previously revealed scientists during sleep (nerve cells) in the brain continues. We know this thanks to the methods of electrophysiology, when the researchers were able to record the activity of neurons of the cerebral cortex. It was found that some neurons are in the sleep even more active than during wakefulness. But why? According to experts absolutely everyone is able to dream, but remember not. Dreams are as dull and discolored and bright and colorful.
The Dream also indicate the condition of the body. So, if you dream that you are choking, you should pay attention to lungs/bronchi, as if in a dream you like, floods the land, then do not delay your visit to the cardiologist. It is noteworthy that during the experience of dreaming more than other working areas of the brain associated with visual perception (the occipital region) and sensory processing (sensitive) information (the parietal region). The activity of these areas is maintained regardless of the sleep phase. Read more about the phases of sleep and their particularities .
the Brain is the biggest mystery. His work fully nobody understands
Anyway, the existing knowledge about the processes during sleep, and modern technology, it is not so surprising that scientists are trying to crack the dreams keep track of brain activity. In fact, the glove Dormio isn't the most revolutionary project of the last years, as a device that literally .
Writes Similar to a glove device called Dormio equipped with multiple sensors that can determine which phase of sleep is his owner. When the glove is immersed in hypnagogia, the glove plays a pre-recorded sound signal (usually a single word). Note that hypnagogic images, or hallucinations – this is a normal state of consciousness during the transition from wakefulness to sleep. During the experiment, researchers from MIT have invited 50 subjects. Each of them talking glove tried to introduce into the sleep of the tiger, saying a pre-recorded message with the word «tiger». As a result, after the awakening, some subjects expressed a desire to have a couple of tigers. Nothing like?
Not a glove Infinity, of course, but too bad
In the future, scientists hope that their device will allow you to fully control your dreams. In 2019, the seminar “engineering dreams“, organized by the laboratory of dreams at MIT, discussed the world «lucid dreaming» is a condition in which people realize that you dream while you sleep. Because of this special feeling you can try to fly and even walk on the moon without a spacesuit is much better than VR. The problem, however, lies in the fact that our knowledge on lucid dreaming is still not enough. Approximately one percent of people are able to enter this state regularly, and this greatly complicates the study of this phenomenon. The state of the brain during lucid dreaming also still not very well understood. Anyway, despite the huge number of questions and the unknown, creation of devices that allows you to hack into the dreams and introduce them to all sorts of ideas are very cool and I don't doubt that .
Perhaps in the future we will organize a stream of dreams and choose whose dream is steeper
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