Is it possible to teleport a person?

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2020-04-23 09:00:12

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Is it possible to teleport a person?

Imagine that you can disappear from my kitchen and the next moment to materialize in the African Savannah, the Amazon rainforest or on Titan, Saturn's moon (in a space suit, of course). This idea is so seductive that is the basis for many sci-Fi movies and series, including cult «Star trek» and «Doctor Who». With the characters easily dissolve in the air, pressing a special button. However, despite the fact that teleportation is an essential attribute of science fiction, this does not mean that it is impossible. Of course, many physicists doubt it, but some experts claim that teleportation will become a reality after several decades. But is it really? Let's try to understand.

What is teleportation?

In fact, the history of teleportation leads us directly to the American physicist Charles Bennett, who in 1993, mathematically proved the possibility of instantaneous quantum displacements. In his work, Bennett, together with colleagues from Research center IBM T. J. Watson demonstrated how to bind two particles in a certain way and keep their connection even over long distances. This relationship is known as a that has amazing power. It allows a person who holds one of the particles instantly transmit the piece of information someone else holding the other particle. Because of this weird quantum connection, the information is passed from one person to another, not passing between them physically. No travel. But how is this possible?

To Move information from one particle to another at a fundamental level is two versions of the same process. If say the most simple words, every atom in your body is a set of data (type of atom, its location, energy status, and so on). Of the people, is a large collection of datasets. Teleport all the necessary information about yourself on the surface of Titan and you are enjoying the best views of Saturn's rings. In theory, of course.

Since 1993, the beaming technology is rapidly developed, and physics . But, as you might guess, teleport man – not an easy task. Think about it: what if the teleportation process lost at least one atom of the left leg? And the human body the number of atoms is not less than 7 octillion add to the seven of 27 zeros, that's more than stars in the observable Universe. In simple words, you are unlikely to be satisfied with the result. And there's a terrific movie 1986 “ ” that you just can't remember. In it the main character has invented a teleporter, but just before teleporting to his cabin flew fly. The film, as you know, is not for the faint of heart. Just look what happened with the main character played by Jeff Goldblum:

Here's what happens when a fly decides to teleport to you by the company

why the need For a quantum computer?

However, even the limited form of teleportation can be a revelation. That's why physicists are working hard to create a quantum computer – related technology that processes information using individual atoms or particles instead of transistors. Such a computer could significantly outperform traditional CPUs in such computations as cracking the code and solving complex equations. But will it help ?

So, teleportation is a key technology of quantum computing because it allows to extract the information produced by the computer without disturbing the rest of the system. This is the main difficulty in human teleportation – every single atom should be assembled in the correct order. Thus it is necessary to analyze and describe not only each individual particle, but also the relationships between them. Of course, if you don't want to teleport on the fly or a man with hands instead of heads.

still from the TV series «Star trek». Perhaps this is an example of a perfectly working teleportation

But what about unlimited forms of teleportation, which takes people from one place to another? First, extract all the information from your body requires knowledge of the physical state of each atom, which requires a complete collapse. Roughly speaking, every time when you enter the teleport, you die, and then respawn at the other end. Secondly, the amount of information needed for your recreation, difficult to compute.

Unfortunately, today no one knows how to gather and transmit so much information. with That is why today we can't teleport. Yes, in theory, enter the teleport, but will not leave. Just like in Heroes of Might and Magic III, when the herocomes in a one-way teleport and gets to a place where there is no escape. In the end, the entire game has to start again.

still from the film «Star trek», which depicted the process of teleportation.

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