Solar energy is used quite a bit, but in vain.
While the coronavirus still wanders the planet, the people sitting on houses, and some companies are thinking about how to bring work «udalenku» forever. But if everyone will sit at home, what do people think about how to make your home independent fortress? The answer to this question is personal for everyone, but if someone of you is interested, then you'll like the new design and Singaporean scientists. Their invention has allowed to extract energy from the shadows.
Generally there are two types of devices for solar energy. Some are called solar panels and other solar collectors. What is the difference between them?
Solar — the Union of photoelectric converters (solar cells) — semiconductor devices directly convert solar energy into direct electric current.
solar collector — a device for collecting solar thermal energy carried by visible light and near infrared radiation. The solar collector collects heat by heating the coolant.
solar collector — on the left, and solar panels — right
In the period of scientists from Singapore has offered something different. The device works on the contrast of light and shadow transform the contrast into electricity. For convenience, the generator is called SEG (shadow effect energy generator). The contrast causes the potential difference — a necessary condition for the occurrence of a current.
SEG is a collection of cells on a transparent plastic film. These cells are nothing but gold film on a silicon wafer. Surprisingly, despite the presence of the gold film, SEG is cheaper than just silicon counterparts. But the advantages do not end there. After the experiments, it became clear that in conditions of variable lighting conditions in SEG 2 times more efficient than solar panels, and the maximum quantity of electricity obtained, when half the surface was illuminated and the other half was in the shade. The worst results were recorded in full light and full shadow.
you May be interested in: what of the future?
At this point, SEG was created for smart phones and small consumer electronics, which require periodic recharging. Due to the focus on variable illumination, shadow generator should replace solar panels in homes.
In SEG I found an interesting feature which opens up a slightly different market. Due to the fact that the generator monitors the change of illumination, it can serve as a standalone motion sensor. The researchers conducted another experiment, and conjecture confirmed. When a person or pet even cast an intermittent shadow sensor is triggered and is recording. For alarm systems it could be an interesting alternative to conventional sensors and cameras, as SEG is completely Autonomous.
Work on improving the generator continues: now scientists are trying to replace gold with another material to reduce costs.
Generator on the shadow effect
The First thing that comes to mind — the installation of electric vehicles, which is on our website dedicated . As the reality of life does not happen that all the cars are always fully lit. Somewhere casts a shadow house, a tree, and sometimes just the sun moves during the day, and the light falls. Provided that such «issues» when mass use to be a lot, plus twice as effective indicators of SEG will play a role, and this technology can be globalized.
Can be globalized electric cars, and how this process is progressing in Russia? Don't know,
Second — replace the current solar panels on the market. At the moment, solar panels are so expensive that even if the desired autonomy, they will pay off very long. In some cases, the period of beating of funds is reached in 10-20 years. If SEG is twice as effective, the game will probably be worth it. Will it implement its plans in Singapore scientists find out soon.
It Is hoped that this invention would be a step towards a clean future, because, unlike most «green» inventions, SEG is not worth it as the plane, but on the contrary is cheaper and works better. In my opinion, if Singapore is not greedy and will make the generator available to all segments of the population, it is lightning fast win market.
You already use solar panels? If so, please share in the comments or our , how do you assess a new development of Singaporean scientists, and whether you're buying for personal use, this generator?
Dyslexia affects about 10% of the world's population There are many diseases in the world that are associated with disorders of the brain and spinal cord, as well as various groups of nerves. These diseases are called neurological disorders and one o...
This design is unlikely to fly with speeds of several thousand kilometers per hour. This requires other characteristics. Modern aircraft can fly very fast. Under «quick» I understand it is not the speed 10 times faster than the car, and rea...
In the Internet appeared the first reviews on the provider Starlink American entrepreneur Elon Musk (Elon Musk) deals not only with the manufacture of electric cars and spaceships. In 2015, he created the company Starlink, the purpose of which is to ...
For firing at ground targets has long been used special aircraft (bombers) and fighters and, in modern times — the drones. However, 4 years ago in the United States are thinking about how to develop a plane that could not on...
at the second attempt, SpaceX still managed to make his first manned flight into space. Thus, the United States first independently put a man in space after the program "space Shuttle" was officially closed. The company not only m...
Despite the successful launch of the Crew Dragon company SpaceX, which took place yesterday, at Elon musk and other space offspring still have problems. Let me remind you, this is Starship. Although it's more correct to not call i...