What is around the black hole at the center of the milky Way?

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2020-06-08 18:20:11

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What is around the black hole at the center of the milky Way?

to show this, scientists needed the help of a supercomputer, NASA

In Addition to the great planets and other space objects galaxy's hiding in your center of a giant black hole, which is almost 5 million times more massive than our Sun! Despite the fact that in comparison with other similar objects, this black hole called Sagittarius A* pretty calm, she always attracts stars, dust and other matter to their immediate surroundings, forming a dense star metropolis. Benefit is it very far from the Earth, and for us, this black hole is harmless. For this reason, about the nature of the mysterious anomaly to date, little is known. So astronomers decided to go all out and even brought a supercomputer to create a model of the surroundings of this supermassive black hole. Ever wanted to be close to the object? Now you have this opportunity.

What's in the center of the milky Way

A team of astronomers from Chile had developed , with the help of which you can see how varied the environment of a giant black hole at a distance of 3 light years over the past 500 years. Using the data that were collected during observations in recent years by space and ground-based telescopes, they recreated a real view of what is near the enormous black hole in the center of the milky Way. All information was processed using supercomputer NASA HEC (High End Computing), who created the final version of the model.

To monitor space objects were more interesting, the scientists made some changes: for example, in the model the size of a black hole was enlarged ten thousand times, otherwise it would be very difficult to see. Also for a better understanding astronomers have painted the main space phenomena. So, the flow of x-ray radiation resulting from the collision of the powerful stellar winds or with clouds of gas showed blue and blue flowers. And red and yellow highlighted the stellar wind containing a cold gas. If blue and red colors in some area overlap each other, it is painted in purple.

To See the center of our galaxy the giant black hole inside you at 4-minute video, which was released by the American space Agency NASA.

And those who have virtual reality helmet, can install the app from the Galactic Center VR, which is available free in shops and (the latter is used for virtual reality helmets HTC).

Black hole at the center of the milky Way

In fact, almost all (if not all) galaxies have black holes in the center. And we still poorly understand how they grow and develop — as it happens to disproportionately high rate. Although Sagittarius a* contains a lot more than 5 million suns, it's still a small dot compared to the giant ultramassive black holes whose mass can reach a billion suns! Some of them are so large that scientists can't even determine an upper limit to the size of black holes.

I Think they are growing billions of years? Not really. Astronomers came to believe that black holes grow literally "the day" in the space equivalent.

the Black hole (frame from the movie "interstellar")

As for black holes Sagittarius a*, scientists are very advanced in her learning over the last few years. For example, in August 2019 during observations, it became known that ! And earlier this year noticed that around the Central black hole of our galaxy rotate a few unusual objects — they look like elongated blobs of gas several times more massive than Earth.

In fact, even the most eminent astronomers don't know a hundredth of one percent of what is hidden behind this black hole. For example, is it possible to get out of the black hole, as did the hero Matthew McConaughey in the movie "interstellar"? often raise this question, and while nobody could dispute that this is indeed possible. Probably not so cinematic, but who knows what really lurks in there?

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