Birds can see colors that we cannot even imagine

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2020-06-19 23:20:10

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Some birds see the world brighter than we are. And it is scientifically proven

No matter How many writers and philosophers spoke of a "dullness" in our lives, the world is very bright. This is particularly noticeable in the summer when all our surroundings are covered with green vegetation, and the city at night lit by different colors. Well, we can be called lucky, the human eye can perceive much more vivid colors than the eyes of other animals. But the birds in this case we still exceeded because recently scientists have found that some of them see colors that we can't even imagine. And all because nature has given them a more advanced system, because they need it for communication and finding food.

colour vision

The enviable ability of birds was discussed in the research . The number of colors that an animal perceives depends on the number of light sensitive cells in his eyes. In vertebrate organisms, which we treat with you for color perception meet the so-called cones — processes the light-sensitive cells of the retina. People without visual impairments there are three types of cones that perceive red, green and blue colors. Other shades like black, yellow, pink and so on are created in the brain when it receives information about the mixing of three primary colors.

In nature there are two types of colors: spectral and niespecjalnie. To the spectral are visible to us colors like yellow, red and green — they are all on the rainbow and excite or one of the visual cones, or those that coexist. In the eyes of birds, there are four cones, so they see much more colours than we do. Look at the image below — each axis of the quadrangular pyramid is a spectral color. Between them there are shades that can distinguish you and me. But, as birds have four cones, they can perceive colors, shown by dotted lines. How are these colors, we can't even imagine.

Color space that you see birds

Vision of birds

To prove this, researchers from the United States and Canada, conducted an experiment. In the framework of scientific work, they checked the sight of the Hummingbird species tricolor selasphorus (Selasphorus platycercus). Scientists arrived at one of their habitats and established on earth two drinkers. One of them, they poured plain water in the other sweet that hummingbirds love. The troughs were covered with LEDs of red, green, blue or ultraviolet color. Sweet water is a different color from the usual, and because of the combination of four colors for a sweet tone could only see a Hummingbird.

the tri-color selasphorus on the drinker.

When the birds remembered how highlighted tasty water, the researchers changed the drinker places. They watched the reaction of the birds from a distance of ten meters and noted that the tiny creatures quickly noticed the substitution and immediately flew to sweet water. This experiment was repeated for three years, and almost with the same result. Therefore, the fact that birds are able to distinguish far more colors than we do, no doubt about that.

According to scientists, the feathers of the Hummingbird and flowers are partly painted in the colors that we can't see. This implies that the perception of a larger number of colors necessary for them to communicate and find food. This assumption is true, at least for hummingbirds. As is the situation with other species of birds, scientists still unknown — it is necessary to conduct additional studies.

About the life and abilities of birds, scientists still do not know much — the descendants of the dinosaurs could be considered as one of the most mysterious species on our planet. But the veil of mystery gradually opens and recently my colleague Love Sokovikova said that despite its tiny brain of a bird is able , just like humans. And in another piece, I already told, how sea birds as a tool to maintain the cleanliness of your body.

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